Under this rubric, evidence of an omnipotent deity cannot and will never be found by science. This latter point may be the only one on which he and secularists agree. Religionists may thus rationalize their belief in an omnipotent deity all they want.
But asserting that such a position is consistent with science is beyond the pale. Theories in science propose interpretations of partial sets of facts, until additional facts are ascertained that either confirm the theory or force modifications. The notion of an omnipotent deity quite simply goes against too many known facts about the universe. The ones that point out weakness in a scientific theory will either result in an effective rebuttal or a refinement of the theory.
Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism
Noteworthy from the standpoint of humanism, Plantinga begins by asserting that evolution is compatible with theism. That argument itself is a major concession to science. Without much ado, he tosses the creationists overboard. However, when necessary to support his arguments on this and other points, he repeatedly changes the definition of what theism is to fit the scientific principles.
In case after case, he comes up with some possible religious tenet, or human interpretation of one, that is compatible with a particular scientific principle. Instead, it carves out religion as an exception or parallel universe to science.
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Volume 54 , Issue 4 July Pages The gulf in outlook between atheists and adherents of the monotheistic religions is profound. We are fortunate to live under a constitutional system and a code of manners that by and large keep it from disturbing the social peace; usually the parties ignore each other. But sometimes the conflict surfaces and heats up into a public debate. The present is such a time. One of the things atheists tend to believe is that modern science is on their side, whereas theism is in conflict with science: that, for example, belief in miracles is inconsistent with the scientific conception of natural law; faith as a basis of belief is inconsistent with the scientific conception of knowledge; belief that God created man in his own image is inconsistent with scientific explanations provided by the theory of evolution.